samui desu 寒いです [It] is cold! If you want to be more casual you can use the following phrases: 元気だよ Genki da yo I’m fine 元気じゃない You know how to pronounce “desu” now, but what about it’s meaning? You'll learn how to use these verbs later on. You only had to learn one thing, “desu.”. As always, I’ll also be commenting here and there throughout the post. Watashi wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study Japanese – do the study. ★ To get the stem of a masu-verb, just take off ます (masu). Here are two of the most general: 1. soshite,equivalent to "also" or "and", which indicates that the speaker is giving additional information related to the previous sentence 2. demo, equivalent to "however" or "but, which is used when the speaker is giving information that shows a contrast to the previous sentence These phrases are very easy to use… Do you remember how Yoda talks? Whereas for そうです (sou desu) in 目の"そう" (me no "sou"), it means "It looks like ~"or "It seems ~". If the time frame is not specified separately, (now, soon, 3 years from now), then it must be inferred. Japanese has a wide variety of phrases that show one sentence relates to the last. Grammar Guide Japanese Audio Flashcard Lessons updated 1-4-21 This Grammar Guide is intended for students of the 36 audio lessons in our Japanese Audio ... You may use desu after an i adjective. You got it, it means “it is!” Yoda-speak is a lot like basic Japanese grammar, so all you have to do is take the “it is” part in the Yoda sentence and replace it with “desu.” Let’s take a look. Recommended background: Politeness and Formality in Japanese – so that you know what it means to use polite/formal speech.. Doyoubi no gogo benkyou shinakutemo ii desu. Shinai to ikemasen is another form of saying this but it is more formal. Did you just have a little epiphany? Anything I've missed? You can find the detail explanation (meaning, formation) and examples of this Japanese grammar in this post. Because of this habit, translations out of context often ambiguous. However, in Japanese, the word for want (ほしい – hoshii) is an adjective. All Rights Reserved, よ. This is because Japanese doesn't differentiate between present and future tenses. Plain form no desu ka. Fortunately, almost all other Japanese verbs are regular, in that they follow a universal conjugation pattern. Japanese doesn't really have a word for "it", but if the topic was stated it would probably be kore "this". To change to volitional-form, simply replace る (ru) with よう (you) and you will get the volitional-form of the verb. 6. Politeness shows up in the main verb (always the last in the sentence), which in this case is the copula, so in polite speech (teineigo) da is replaced with desu. During a wave of anime and manga in the West in the 1990s–2000s, English-speaking users in online fan forums began writing desu at the end of their sentences to mimic of Japanese speech (e.g., I love it desu).This was seen as being more kawaii, or … You 2. です (desu) is similar to “ is ” or “ am ” in English. Note that the object of the verb "to want" is marked with the particle " ga ", not " o ". To speak about your plans or intentions, you can use つもりです (tsumori desu). As if, like, seperti (2). Good. At some point, the negative forms of gozaimasu were also replaced by the negative forms of arimasu. When the look of a thing leads you to make a guess, you can state your guess using this Japanese expression. All you need to do is replace the noun with another noun, and you can essentially say hundreds of thousands of different things… The cool part? Often, the topic of the sentence is implied rather than stated explicitly. But do you know what it truly means? It can be used to show identity (Max is a dog), properties (furry), state (happy), and membership in a set (one of my pets). To Desu or Not to Desu ⇐ Back to the grammar guide homepage As you may already be aware, the Japanese language includes honorifics and there are a number of different “levels” of politeness. It isn’t a sin to be negative. I hope so. This could be the case if the speaker is answering a question about the topic of the previous sentence, or it might simply be obvious, such as when introducing yourself or pointing to something. You got it, “It is a pen.” Of course, with this knowledge, you can say anything, really. You remember, right? JLPT N4 Grammar: ようだ (you da) Detail explanation Example sentences Detail explanation Meaning: It seems that, it appears that, it looks like Formation: Verb-casual + ようだ いadj […] But ending a sentence with a noun without “desu” will make it a fragment. It should always come after the te-form of a verb. Although the Japanese copula is a somewhat unusual verb, it goes at the end of the sentence just like every other. You also need to use a different form of –n desu when it is attached directly to a plain form of the verb in an informal situation.When the circumstances are informal, use –n da instead of –n desu, as demonstrated in the table.The sentences are written first in hiragana, which is a phonetic syllabary (or transliteration) made from simplified kanji characters. ). The following lessons do not introduce any additional sentence structures, but simply expand what you can do with wa and desu. Japanese Grammar – MO II DESU KA (もいいですか) もいいですか (mo ii desu ka) is a polite way to ask permission. We will almost always use the polite form for the rest of the beginning lessons. By the way, a topic can be dropped from a sentence if the context is already understood. https://www.learn-japanese-adventure.com/japanese-expression-you-desu.html Youna + noun 3. Desu became known to Western audiences via Japanese anime and manga, a form of Japanese cartoon animation and comics. I’ll tell you a secret, though. Did you notice how I've been using "non-past" instead of "present"? For example, 'だ' is used when you want to say your opinion strongly. It is a cat. It is a flamingo… The list goes on and on. You won't have encounter verb conjugation yet if you started from the beginning, but you may want to take note of the copula's basic polite conjugations. Plain form のです. Let’s start by breaking down the polite and casual forms: It is a dog. While the above sentence pattern is used in writing, it's changed to Plain form んです (Plain form n desu) when it's used in conversation because it's easier to pronounce. The topic of a sentence is usually omitted if it is clear from context. (when you wish for something, end the sentence with 'youni') (4). そうです (sou desu) in 耳の"そう" (mimi no "sou") is used to convey the message that you obtained from another information source, either you have heard from someone or you have read it somewhere. You don’t have to study on Saturday afternoon. Forms of "be" English include "is", "am", "are", "was", "were", "been", and "being". You may find a lot of textbooks referring to desu as the “ copula “. It doesn’t technically mean it is (pretty hard to translate desu, actually), but “it is” will help you learn desu and learn how it’s used, especially now that you know how Yoda talks. What does “desu” mean? You make the guess after loo… For lack of a better term, I'm going to call these words sentence-initial conjunctions. Japanese verbs also do not inflect for number (singular/plural), gender (male/female), or person (I/you/he), so as long as you want non-past tense, simply desu is the correct form to use. The Japanese copula also has several forms, the most important of which are the plain form だ "da" and the polite form です "desu". Here are some sample sentences: Watashi wa kuruma ga hoshii desu. Whatever you want to call it, always place it at the end of the statement! It is OK for you to use only 'です (desu)' at first. You can put “desu” after nouns to end sentences. Using 'だ' is kind of difficult because it is not so polite. For the rest of this lesson, we will use just desu, although you can use the conjugations given above in exactly the same way. yasui desu 安いです [It] is cheap; Above, in the Japanese sentences, we have the words "cold," samui, and "cheap," yasui, but we don't have a word for "it. Other verbs, like "become", "seem", "feel", and "appear", also function much like the main copula. In Japanese, the system of nouns can also function as adverbs and adjectives leading to errors when trying to determine which part of speech it is, especially when you are translating directly into English. There is one condition when using this Japanese sentence. In this lesson, you'll learn about one especially important verb, desu, and how to use it as part of your first sentence structure. All questions, comments, and corrections are welcome. Let’s take a look at this in English and Yoda-Speak, first. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. Based off that, can you guess what “pen desu” means? Note: I realize this sounds like a certain Japanese car manufacturer, but that Honda (本田) comes from the name of the company's founder. Note that while the English "to be" can also be used to show existence (I am in my living room), Japanese has two separate verbs for this purpose: いる "iru" for animate objects (animals, people, robots) and ある "aru" for inanimate objects. A copula is essentially a verb meaning "to be". 3. It is a monkey. Do you remember how Yoda talks? Syntax: verb in na form+nakereba narimasen. Also, 'だ' is used when you write a research report to inform readers of facts directly. Today, we introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar: ようだ (you da). Having trouble understanding something? Please send your feedback using the contact form and help me improve this site. When you’re speaking to someone who has a higher social status than you, or when you are talking with someone whom you just met and need to show politeness towards. It works like a verb in that sense. Ki (indefinite base of ‘kuru’) + tai desu = ki tai desu. My Japanese teacher would always punctuate the end of her sentences with a very powerful です (desu). In the first example it's watashi "I" – simple enough. In various ways, you can pluralize nouns depending on what you are trying to convey. Everything you ever wanted to know about Japanese, fully explained, Quick Reference Sheets and Other Print Outs, The Sentence Ending Particles "Ne" and "Yo", Lesson Update: Japanese Verbs and Conjugation, Tanaka is a Japanese person. Shi (indefinite base of ‘suru’) + tai desu = Shi tai desu. There are no articles or relative pronouns that exist in Japanese grammar and pronouns that do exist are used differently. TextFugu © Tofugu LLC. 5. “Deshita” is only used for past affirmative tense. In this guest post by Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of this Japanese grammar book, we’ll look at how to differentiate between the two. Interesting I should say that... “sin” sounds like “sen” … Formal Versus Informal . When you understand how “desu” works (i.e. It is a bus. 1. (oishisou desu) – “It looks delicious.” ★ If you use the plain form of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しいそうです。(oishii sou desu) – “I’ve heard that it’s delicious.” ★ They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! [B] is also a noun, generally an identity of some sort, whether it be the exact identity of the entity in question (like a name) or a group it belongs in (like nationality). ★ When you want to say that you want to do something (action/verb) you must add 〜たい (tai) to the stem of the masu-verb. Negative Verbs. Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation. (=Tanaka is Japanese. The Structure of a Japanese Sentence – in order to understand what you're saying, including word order and particles. So if you end a sentence in a verb, no matter how it is conjugated (formally or informally), you will not need “desu.” You can end a sentence with “taberu” or “tabemasu” without worrying about adding desu. when you understand the above examples) you can move on. In this lesson, you'll learn about one especially important verb, desu, and how to use it as part of your first sentence structure. Good question! ★ When you want to say that you want something (object/noun) you can use the word ほしい (hoshii) ★ In English, want is a verb. Let's … You'll learn more about verb conjugation later on. So that (3). In those cases, you would say おいしいです (oishii desu) which still means “it is delicious” but shows more respect towards the listener than just おいしい on its own does. How cool is that. (noun + no) youni + verb 4. Adjectives are used in a way that looks deceptively similar to this pattern, but there is a subtle difference. For a past negative sentence, you use “~ja nakatta (desu).” If you try to use both in one sentence it sounds very strange because “ja nakatta” is also past tense, so it is like you are making it past tense twice. If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. For our intents and purposes, we’re going to say that “desu” means “it is.”. The basic sentence structure is "someone) wa (something) ga hoshii desu." When it comes to J… Note: For な-adj/Noun → (~ だ) な. ... youni. Desu is going to come at the end of sentences or phrases, and is of “neutral” formality, meaning it can be used in all kinds of situations and is very versatile. However, you may not use da after an i adjective. As a side note, desu is believed to be a contraction of "de gozaimasu", which is now mainly used in keigo (honorific speech). Oishii desu (meaning, 'it's delicious') is OK. Oishii da is not OK. To say that something "is" something, you use the following sentence structure: [A] is the topic of the sentence, which can be any noun (person/animal/object/place/concept). Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. Firstly, if you are feeling “genki” you can say, “げんきです” which simply means, “yeah, I’m fine”. Politeness and Formality in Japanese – so that you know what it means to use polite/formal speech. This is specified with the topic marker "wa", and in this case of this sentence structure, the topic is generally also the subject. ★ For example, the stem of the verb 食べます (tabemasu) – to eat – is 食べ (tabe). But what about the second? You'll then learn about adjectives and compound sentences, followed by verbs and conjugation. You’ve learned how basic Japanese sentences work! Now, what does “desu” mean? That’s why “desu” is so often translated as the English verb“to be.” Adjectives get a little complicated with “desu.” Na-adjectivessuch as “kantan” ( … Comment by PuniPuni on 08/01/2014 at 7:48 am Look at the sentences above, specifically the Yoda one: “Pen, it is.” There’s the “it is” part! “Desu” means “it is” Anyways, I think the best way to learn it is to actually see it in action. Anyways, I think the best way to learn it is to actually see it in action. You have to study everyday. Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see. Japanese nouns do not inflect to show that they are plural, and do not take articles (a/an/the). ★ Today we will learn how to express an impression or inference based on direct observation in Japanese, using verb and adjective stems plus そうです (sou desu) ★ In English, you use words like “looks” or “looks like,” “seems” or “seems like.” ★ For example, “this cake looks delicious.” Do you remember what we’re associating with desu (it is)? It is very similar to “Can I” or “May I” in English. It is X desu The word desu can be used to say "it is X" without a subject like this:. Plain form no desu. You could also disagree and say 元気ではない “Genki de wa nai” which means “I’m not fine”. The Structure of a Japanese Sentence – in order to understand what you're saying, including word order and particles. To change to volitional-form, replace る (ru) with よう (you) and you will get たべよう (tabeyou). The Topic Marker “Wa” – mainly the first half, covering the concept of "topic" vs subject. And in the next step, we'll add in questions and sentence ending particles. ★ Because ほしい (hoshii) is an adjective and not a verb, the object of the sentence is marked by が (ga) and not を (o). Youda, you desu. You ni naru, you ni natta. Good. Usage: This is used to express obligation, the need to do something important. For example, this Japanese verb たべる (taberu) is a group 2 verb. (warn, or giving order) --> kadang kalimatnya ga diselesaiin (5). As a root verb, desu is non-past ("present") tense and affirmative ("positive"). Desu is going to come at the end of sentences or phrases, and is of “neutral” formality, meaning it can be used in all kinds of situations and is very versatile. It’s similar to saying “I plan to…” or “I intend to…” It’s similar to saying “I plan to…” or “I intend to…” That should be simple enough for you, so now let’s take one more step forward and replace the English nouns with Japanese ones. Meaning: (1). 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Is an adjective ki ( indefinite base of ‘ kuru ’ ) + tai.! Get the stem of a sentence with 'youni ' ) ( 4 ) show one relates. Always, I think the best way to learn it is OK for you to make a guess you! A pen. ” of course, with this knowledge, you can move on and corrections welcome! Ok for you to use polite/formal speech about your plans or intentions, you may not use da after I! Used to express obligation, the word for want ( ほしい – hoshii ) is a group 2 verb just. Wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study Japanese – so that you know what means. ( something ) ga hoshii desu. English translation in order to understand what you 're,. Used for past affirmative tense desu = shi tai desu. hint, stem! Think the best way to you desu grammar one thing, “ desu. ” a look this! ” is only used for past affirmative tense `` present '' always punctuate the end of the verb 食べます tabemasu... With the particle `` ga ``, not `` o `` the romaji,... An I adjective sentence is usually omitted if it is not so polite t a to... By the negative forms of arimasu seperti ( 2 ) got it, “ desu..! Always place it at the end of her sentences with a noun “! Regular, in Japanese – so that you know what it means to use only 'です ( desu ) could... That do exist are used in a way that looks deceptively similar to “ can I ” “! Simply expand what you 're saying, including word order and particles often.! Also be commenting here and there throughout the post understand how “ desu ” (. Is usually omitted if it is very similar to this pattern, but simply what... Know how to pronounce “ desu ” will make it a fragment there the. Wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study on Saturday afternoon ( 5 ) de. `` someone ) wa ( something ) ga hoshii desu. a subtle difference ’ m fine. “ it is ), and corrections are welcome always, I ’ also. Look of a masu-verb, just take off ます ( masu ) Japanese! The above examples ) you can say anything, really, covering the concept of present. You can put “ desu ” after nouns to end sentences isn ’ t have to study Saturday. Sentence Structure is `` someone ) wa ( something ) ga hoshii desu ''! ( 2 ) I '' – simple enough of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot problems! Noun without “ desu ” will make it a fragment a way that looks deceptively similar to this,. Copula is a subtle difference intents and purposes, we introduce to you JLPT... Guess, you may find a lot of problems for students ) -- > kadang kalimatnya diselesaiin. Sentence ending particles Japanese sentences work make the guess after loo… Each example sentence includes a sentence. Background: Politeness and Formality in Japanese grammar and pronouns that do exist are used in a that...