First, second and third degree burns caused by any source- heat, chemicals, or electricity that damages the body’s tissues. Skin is scraped off, bleeding limited. However there are several types of wounds that account for the majority of chronic wounds. There is no argument over the fact that the types of wound care dressings at your disposal,are numerous. Depending on the cause, site and depth, a wound can range from simple to life threatening. These ulcers generally begin on the feet and are a result of changes to nerves and circulation in the body caused by diabetes. Some anti-inflammatory medicine and pain killers might also be prescribed to reduce discomfort and improve quality of life. Arterial types of ulcers usually occur on the foot or the lower part of the leg. Wounds can be: Wounds generally fall into two categories: Chronic wounds are acute wounds have not progressed through the stages of healing normally. Inflammation: Inflamed wounds are hot, red, painful, swollen and hard to move. A wound is an injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impacts, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken. A wound can take twice as long to heal, or not heal at all, if it doesn’t get enough blood. A leg ulcer is a wound between the knee and ankle joint that is slow to heal because of problems with the circulation in the leg. Often times these open wounds will form a scab as a natural bandage. Depending on the healing time of a wound, it can be classified as acute or chronic. Abrasion Laceration Incision redness Red Streaks Pain swelling Heat Pus 6 types of wounds Signs of infection Avulsion Puncture Amputation These are serious types of wounds caused by the instruments such as knife, needle, splinter or a nail. They require special care depending on the type of wound. Those classified as acute wounds heal uneventfully (with no complications) in the predicted amount of time. Patients with chronic illness and/or weakened immune systems are at even higher risk for developing wounds. Surgical Wounds. Incision. Abrasion. Scarring: Regenerated cells have different characteristics and fibrous tissue that can heal the wound, but may leave a scar behind. But, unfortunately this awesome medical device does not work on all wound types, therefore it's very important to know what kind of wound you're dealing with. Open wound: a wound that communicates directly with the outside. When a swollen leg is injured the swelling can interfere with normal healing and lead to a venous leg ulcer. Most of us refer to abrasions as scrapes, which are open wounds caused by rubbing the skin against a hard or rough surface. While tempting, avoid pickin… –6 stages or categories: •Stage I •Stage II •Stage III •Stage IV •Unstageable •Suspected deep tissue injury (sDTI) •Base staging on the type of tissue visualized or palpated. Open wounds are wounds with exposed underlying tissue and/or organs that are open t… Learn. These basic steps in wound treatment can help prevent wound infection and protect it from the environment. Puncture wounds: These types of wounds are classified as open wounds and are typically the result of a foreign object accidentally puncturing the skin. Infections: Wound infection presents with pus drainage, foul odor, fever, dull throbbing pain, mild swelling and heat at wound site. Open wounds are extremely painful to victims and intimidating to those who must treat them. These objects puncture and penetrate the skin. Different wounds may require different first aid treatments however the overall aim is to control bleeding and minimise the risk of infection. Wound VACs are a great way to heal your wounds in a fast, and efficient way. Many minor wounds result in damaged skin cells that lose their function and need time and simple treatment to heal. Penetrating wound: a wound which passes through, the skin into the underlying tissues typically caused by … There are three main types: Serious ulcers and infections, if left untreated or even with treatment, may lead to minor (foot or toe) or major (below or above the knee) lower leg amputation. People living in a hazardous environment or having dangerous jobs may also be at higher risk for wounds. Either way, while the wound is still fresh or healing, the affected limb or area will lose its functionality until all lost or damaged tissue is repaired. Abrasion. Most of us are likely to sustain different types of wounds throughout life as we participate in daily activities. Lacerations – irregular tear-like wounds caused by some blunt trauma. This table summarises the different types of wounds, their typical characteristics and possible … It is important to not only treat the wound but also diagnose and address the underlying condition causing the wound to minimise risk of further chronic wounds. … Non-penetrating wounds: These are usually the result of blunt trauma or friction with other surfaces; the wound does not break through the skin, and may include: Abrasions (scraping of the outer skin layer), Contusions (swollen bruises due to accumulation of blood and dead cells under skin), Concussions (damage to the underlying organs and tissue on head with no significant external wound). These generally occur in people who have limited mobility due to illness and/or frailty and are unable to regularly move part or all of their body to a different position. These are: Pressure Injuries. WOUNDS Dr Phillipo L. Chalya MD, M.Med(Surg) Senior Lecturer – Department of Surgery CUHAS 2. Risk factors Almost 6.5 million people in the United States have wounds that don’t heal well. All human beings are at risk for sustaining or developing wounds, but the risk is higher in children, elderly people, alcoholics, those with addiction to narcotics, or people with mental illness or disability. Penetrating wounds: These result from trauma that breaks through the full thickness of skin; reaching down to the underlying tissue and organs, and includes: Stab wounds (trauma from sharp objects, such as knives), Gunshot wounds (wounds resulting from firearms), Thermal wounds: Extreme temperatures, either hot or cold, can result in thermal injuries (like, Chemical wounds: These result from contact with or inhalation of chemical materials that cause skin or lung damage. The best way to prevent wounds of all types is to follow optimal safety measures at all times, paying extra attention to surrounding hazards in new environments. Incisional wound: a wound caused by a cutting instrument, having neat edges. after a fall on loose ground). An open wound leaves internal tissue exposed. Another way to classify wounds is to determine if the wound is clean or contaminated. They can be Arterial, venous, or mixed. Wound types. Common types include venous ulcers, arterial ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure injuries, and each wound type has its own causes, risk factors, and treatments. Some are deeper, reaching the underlying tissues and organs. They are also called venous stasis ulcers or sometimes varicose ulcers. Puncture. Wound origin can be either internal or external. ABRASIONS.– Abrasions are made when the skin is rubbed or scraped off. Write. 19. 6 Types of Wound Dressings. Wounds can be classified according to their cause and nature in first aid. They are caused when the veins in the legs are damaged or are not working properly and therefore do not return blood back to the heart as efficiently as they should. intentional cut by sharp instrument such as a scapel. Type 3 collagen decrease and type 1 collagen increase. Clean wounds have no foreign materials or debris inside, whereas contaminated wounds or infected wounds might have dirt, fragments of the causative agent, bacteria or other foreign materials. Collagen increase in cross linkages increasing wound strength. There are all types of wounds and causes for why they won’t heal, so these factors will help your physician determine the right type of wound care for your situation. However there are several types of wounds that account for the majority of chronic wounds. Created by. PLAY. TYPES OF WOUNDS. Types of Open Wounds. Types of Wounds. The surgical scar from the amputation is also at risk of becoming a chronic wound for the same reasons listed above. 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